White Rhino

WHITE RHINO

(Ceratotherium simum)

 

Other/common names:
Square-lipped rhinoceros

 

Subspecies:
Northern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum cottoni)
Southern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum simum)
Ceratotherium from the Greek
“cerato” – horn
“thorium” – wild beast
simum from the Greek
“simus” – flat nosed

QUICK FACTS

 

SIZE
Weight:   4000-6000 lbs.
Height:   5-6 feet tall at shoulder
Length:   12.5 – 15 feet
BIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
Lifespan:   Up to 50 years
Gestation:   Approximately 16 months
Diet:   Grass forms 99% of diet
Habitat:   Grassland & savannahs  in Africa
Social:    Semi-social, females & young adults are generally social, bulls are solitary
Activity:   Active any time of the day or night, tend to avoid midday heat
SPECIAL FEATURES & INTERESTING FACTS
Second largest land mammal
White rhinos can reach speeds of around 25-31 miles per hour.
Two horns: front horn 37-79 inches, rear horn is 22 inches
CONSERVATION STATUS: Near threatened
CURRENT NUMBERS: Population estimated between 19,682- 21,077 (IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group, 2016)
THREATS
Poaching: Rhinos are hunted and killed for their horn
Habitat loss: Rhino habitats are destroyed as human populations grow and cities expand
Habitat fragmentation: Habitats are divided as human populations grow, resulting in isolated populations that cannot get together to breed & limits natural selection.

PHOTO GALLERY

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