Temminck’s Ground Pangolin

TEMMINCK’S GROUND PANGOLIN

(Smutsia temminckii)
Other/common names:
Ground Pangolin
Cape Pangolin
QUICK FACTS:
SIZE
Weight:  33-40 lbs.
Length:  20-23 inches
Tail length:  16-20 inches
BIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
Lifespan:  Estimated to be around 20 years
Gestation:  4-5 months, gives birth to one offspring
Diet:   Ants and termites
Social:  Solitary
HABITAT
Dry desert & savannah environments.
SPECIAL FEATURES
  • Their scales are made from keratin, the same protein that makes up our hair and nails.
  • They roll up into a ball when threatened to protect their undersides.
  • Pangolins have no teeth, they grind food in a muscular gizzard.
  • Pangolin tongues can be up to 16 inches long and is rolled into the chest cavity when resting.
CONSERVATION STATUS:  Vulnerable
POPULATION:    Decreasing
CURRENT NUMBERS: Unknown
THREATS
Poaching:  Poaching and illegal wildlife trade is the biggest threat to pangolins. They are heavily poached for their scales, body parts and bush meat.
Electrical fences: Pangolins are often electrocuted on lower strands of electric fences.
Insecticides:  Pangolins are extremely sensitive to insecticides.
Gin traps:  Pangolins are often bycatch in traps like gin traps meant for other species.
Habitat loss: Pangolin habitats are decreasing due to increases in human populations and alteration of existing habitats.
Additional Resources:
IUCN Red List
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