BLACK RHINO

BLACK RHINO

(Diceros bicornis)
Other/common names:
Hook-lipped rhinoceros
Subspecies:
Southern Central black rhino (Diceros bicornis minor)
Eastern black rhino (Diceros bicornis michaeli)
South Western black rhino (Diceros bicornis bicornis)
Western black rhino (Diceros bicornis longipes)  – declared extinct in 2011
Dicero from the Greek
“di” – two
“ceros” – horn
bicornis from the Latin
“bi” – two
“cornis” – horn
QUICK FACTS
SIZE
Weight:   1750 – 3000 lbs.
Height:   4.5-5 ft at shoulder
Length:   10- 12.5 ft
BIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
Lifespan:   30-35 years in the wild
Gestation:   Approximately 15-16 months
Calves:   Mother has a calf every 2.5 – 3 years
Diet:   Leaves, shoots, twigs and fruit
Habitat:   Grasslands, savannahs and woodlands in Africa
Social:   Females & young adults are generally social, bulls are solitary
Activity:  Mostly active at night, avoid midday heat
SPECIAL FEATURES & INTERESTING FACTS
Prehensile upper lip adapted for feeding.
Black rhinos can reach speeds up to 35 miles per hour.
Two horns: front horn 20-55 inches, rear horn is up to 22 inches.
CONSERVATION STATUS: Critically endangered
CURRENT NUMBERS: Populations of black rhinos estimated between 5,042 and 5,455 (IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group, 2016)

 

THREATS
Poaching: Rhinos are hunted and killed for their horns
Habitat Loss: Rhino habitats are destroyed as human populations grow and cities expand
Habitat Fragmentation: Habitats are divided as human populations grow, resulting in isolated populations that cannot get together to breed and further limiting natural selection.
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