Southern Central black rhino (Diceros bicornis minor)
Eastern black rhino (Diceros bicornis michaeli)
South Western black rhino (Diceros bicornis bicornis)
Western black rhino (Diceros bicornis longipes) – declared extinct in 2011
Dicero from the Greek
“di” – two
“ceros” – horn
bicornis from the Latin
“bi” – two
“cornis” – horn
Weight: 1750 – 3000 lbs.
Height: 4.5-5 ft at shoulder
Length: 10- 12.5 ft
BIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
Lifespan: 30-35 years in the wild
Gestation: Approximately 15-16 months
Calves: Mother has a calf every 2.5 – 3 years
Diet: Leaves, shoots, twigs and fruit
Habitat: Grasslands, savannahs and woodlands in Africa
Social: Females & young adults are generally social, bulls are solitary
Activity: Mostly active at night, avoid midday heat
SPECIAL FEATURES & INTERESTING FACTS
Prehensile upper lip adapted for feeding.
Black rhinos can reach speeds up to 35 miles per hour.
Two horns: front horn 20-55 inches, rear horn is up to 22 inches.
CONSERVATION STATUS: Critically endangered
CURRENT NUMBERS: Populations of black rhinos estimated between 5,042 and 5,455 (IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group, 2016)